History, importance and activities to do


Mount Everest

Every year on December 11, International Mountain Day is celebrated to raise awareness of the importance of mountains. Conservation of mountains is an essential part of long-term development. Mountain cover 27% of the land area. According to the United Nations, the mountains are home to 15% of the world’s population.

Why is International Mountain Day celebrated?

  • The The United Nations held the Sustainable Development Commission (CDD) in 1992. As part of the CSD, the UN adopted a document entitled “Management of fragile ecosystems: sustainable mountain development”.

  • The United Nations General Assembly established December 11 as International Mountain Day in 2003. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is responsible for leading the commemoration of this day.

The theme of International Mountain Day 2021:

  • The theme for this year’s International Mountain Day (IMD), December 11, will be ‘Sustainable Mountain Tourism’.

  • Sustainable mountain tourism can help create additional and alternative livelihood options and promote poverty reduction, social inclusion, as well as landscape and biodiversity conservation.

Importance of mountains:

  • The mountains are also home to A quarter of all land plants and animals on the planet. In addition, mountains provide fresh water to half of the world’s population. Another function of mountains is to provide food resources. The mountains are home to six of the most important food crops in the world.

  • The mountains, as you can see, are extremely important. Sadly, climate change and overexploitation pose a threat to our majestic mountains. As a result, the livelihoods of those who live in the mountains are compromised. The mountain people are among the poorest on the planet. These threats to their homes make their survival even more difficult.

Activities & Ideas:

  • On this day, we can organize forums, hands-on activities, presentations, student debates, photo and art competitions, hikes and events aimed at specific age groups, especially children. youth.

  • Go camping or hiking if you live near the mountains.

  • Consider a trip you took to the mountains. What impression did it leave on you?

  • Place a bet with your friends and family to see who can name the most mountains.

  • Learn about the importance of mountains and the threats they face.

  • Make it your goal to climb one of the most popular mountains in the world, like Mount Everest., Mount Kilimanjaro.

“Reducing your carbon footprint is one of the most effective things you can do to help preserve mountains. “


Sally J. Minick